Percent of fruit infestation was minimum in V4 (BARI begun-6) (25.16%, 27.42% and 25.40% at three stages respectively). Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Mating has been observed on the same day or a day after emergence. Conclusion Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer is serious pest of brinjal. The lowest number of larvae per infested shoot was recorded 1.10 and 1.08 in the same treatment at early and mid fruiting stage, respectively but notat vegetative stage and late fruiting stages. Insects from seven major orders (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Odonata, Orthoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera and Hymenoptera) were found associated with the local garden egg. �ֆ��_&L6mn�u%K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�:V|,�1�J^�F��. The plant products were moderately effective against fruit damage too. Water traps were used to monitor the effect of the three products on the abundance of insect fauna associated with crop. Overall, weeds produced the highest potential loss (34%), with animal pests and pathogens being less important (losses of 18 and 16%). 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, with Selected Insecticides It can also attacks other crops such as other Solanaceae (e.g. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) extracts have demonstrated potency in scavenging reactive oxygen species that are implicated in many human diseases. growth, yield, fruit quality, nutrient content and uptake, incidence of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) as well as economics of brinjal and other Solanaceous vegetables. have been studied during both the years under laboratory condition. Physiological re-sistance to other broad-spectrum insecticides and newer chemistries such as insect growth regulators has been also identified for several compounds including chlorpyrifos, esfenvalerate, and tebufenozide [4, 8]. The effect of ANSE was compared with a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. The females lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Lantana camera Linn. 4 0 obj 16(2): 227-231, August 20182=BARI begun-4, V3=BARI begun-5, V4=BARI begun-6, V5=BARI begun-7, V6=BARI begun-8, V7=BARI begun-9, V8=BARI begun-10, V9=Makra, V10=Muktokashi, V11=Lalita, V12=Hazra, V13=Chaga. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Prosopis juliflora Linn. of Brinjal causing losses up to 65%. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production. The pest is active in moderate climates throughout the year. Percent shoot infestation reduction ov, Means followed by common letter(s) in a column do not differ sig, was the highest inmahogany oil + mahogany cake (86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50%), Application of trap and peak neem afforded 47.70% pro, Table 2. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Md. ), Zonocerus variegatus L., Eulioptera sp., Urentius hystericellus (Richter) and Phaneroptera nana (Stal.). and insect pheromone based solutions to combat this devastating pest Leucinodes orbonalis. Sufficient genetic diversity exists in S. melongena for SOS and total phenolics to justify evaluation of a larger number of accessions. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. Among the various pests and diseases of brinjal, the brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee creates huge losses and is a huge menace to the brinjal production throughout the world. Univ. Biology of a brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. The maximum yield (35.82 t ha-1) was achieved in the mahogany oil + mahogany cake treated plot with the highest benefit cost ratio (2.35). The standard check, carbaryl (Sevin 50 WP) @ 0.1% and an untreated check were included. 1. These two extracts may be promising candidates for further development as botanical insecticides that could potentially substitute broad-spectrum synthetic neurotoxins for leafroller control. Although ANSE could not effectively control the shoot and bud borers as Karate, it performed better in reducing borer damage than either Biobit or control. Effect of selected botanicals on brinjal yield, Table 5. Percent fruit infestation reduction over co, larvae per infested shoot at early fr, (3.20) and the lowest in mahogany oil + mahogany cake (1.07) followed by neem, Table 3. Productivity of crops grown for human consumption is at risk due to the incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests. Obliquebanded leafrollers are major pests in apple grow-ing regions throughout the U.S.A. and Canada [4]. T4 had higher on total shoots (16.0 plant ), healthy shoots (15.7 plant ), total fruits 1 1 (25.3 plant 1), healthy fruits (23.0 plant 1), fruits weight (2.7 kg plant 1), healthy fruits weight (2.7 kg plant 1) and fruit yield (36.2 t ha 1). Among biotic factors, eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is considered by far the most damaging pest of eggplant (Taylo et al., 2016). Karate and Biobit were applied at rate of 2.5 ml/L (800 ml/ha) and 0.8 g/L (0.24 kg/ha), respectively. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Use of botanicals is now emerging as one of the important means to be used in protection of crop produce and the environment from pesticidal pollution, which is a global problem. �[�R�b����Ho,�4!�XU�$J�5@UtUu[�Jk�3����jv�`��fS����0�?M��Z��il�T!9/yk�0 LK~�~Rp�'��*e]��`!|�az�'���TNֳ�I=Y%&1�5++������e��9��1�}�ቪIp�N��zz������lV��sq�mh�n�Z�: w}��Q+�~�16F����fX�� oW#�f���N�k&J��ވ��E�l�0��Mvj�̭kusyvpFM����C�15���d�3����q� �LV��g.6���{t��'��)�Ar*����R&�Bqb:��F�����凭�_|2�Qmr��D7�'�I~p�LBc�E��"av�Z�C�T_d� ��Tͣ1�1��'��@e�@�Gc�3b`�{�� x�A�~ڌ������(T���|(�� >���� Ten plant products were evaluated against Leucinodes orbonalis. Like any other solana-ceous vegetables, brinjal has a diverse pest complex, but the most serious is the shoot and fruit borer (SFB), Leu- Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (BFSB)Leucinodes orbonalis Management. The treatments were randomly assigned to each unit plot, MANAGEMENT OF BRINJAL SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER, Research Council (Anon., 2005). The results reflected different levels of infestation in all cultivars by the pest. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. With proper timing and innovative methods of application, aqueous neem seed extract can be used as alternative or supplement to synthetic insecticide for the management of vegetable pests of local garden eggs by resource poor farmers. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, Identification of suitable Trichogramma sp. metric tonnes of brinjal which is grown on > 500,000 ha. Percentage of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infestation of selected brinjal varieties/lines at different ages: The percentage of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) infestation of different brinjal varieties/lines at different plant ages has been presented . 94. Brinjal is one of the important vegetable crops grown in India and all throughout the world. Experiment consisted eight treatments viz. endobj Council (BARC). %���� Shoot and fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: ... Thailand, Burma, Srilanka, Laos, South Africa, Congo. management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh: BARI. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Vitex negundo L. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, and garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) All rights reserved. At times, entire crops can be lost. There was no association between fruit colour and high SOS. Mostofa Kamal: ISSN 0258-7122 (Print), 2408-8293 (Online), covers about 15% of the total vegeta, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, botanicals for the management of brinjal shoo, season (April-October) and scantly rainfall wi, experimental plot was divided into 3 blocks each containing 7 units plots. Despite a clear increase in pesticide use, crop losses have not significantly decreased during the last 40 years. Accession means for total phenolics content averaged over years ranged from 0.74 to 1.43 g/100 g dry weight basis, although differences were not statistically significant due to a large accession–year interaction mean square. The correlation of different morphological plant characters with fruit infestation indicated very strong and negative correlation between fruit infestation and leaf trichomes, stem thickness and stem hair density. The SOSm and SOSw were positively correlated with dry matter content (r=0.65** and r=0.80**, respectively) and total phenolics content (r=0.44** and r=0.43**, respectively) and negatively correlated with fruit weight (r=−0.58** and r=−0.67**, respectively). leaf extract @ 5.0 %, neem cake extract @ 5.0 %, neem oil @ 2.0 %, Nimbecidine ® @ 2 ml /lit, Pongamia glabra Linn. H. lupulus and Arctium lappa extracts were deleterious to larvae in each of the bioassay methods conducted, exhibiting toxic, developmental, and antifeedant effects. 1 0 obj It riddles the plants parts, feeds on internal tissue causing the plants to fade and wither resulting into drying and drooping of growing shoot which is the typical symptom produced. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. 2005. Farmers are currently using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control EFSB. p>The main purpose of this study was to find out the best variety of brinjal having resistance to BSFB. The plant products were moderately effective compared to the standard check, carbaryl. The most diverse cluster VI had the second ranking genotypes with regard to fruit yield and quality but the fruit peel was almost devoid of anthocyanin pigment and these genotypes were most susceptible to the infestation of brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BCB-11, BCB-50). Crop losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may be prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures. The concept of integrated pest/crop management includes a threshold concept for the application of pest control measures and reduction in the amount/frequency of pesticides applied to an economically and ecologically acceptable level. Totally, there were 21 unit plots. The SOSm and SOSw produced similar results, evidenced by the highly significant linear correlation (0.79**) between the two assays. Neem: A natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the Ma, Murugesam, N. and T. Murugesh. Among the various insecticides evaluated against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis), Emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 12.5g a.i./ha treated plots showed lowest infestation and gave higher fruit yield (253.12) followed by Flubendiamide 480 SC (2 49.33) and Novaluron 10 EC (2 43.63). Mean number of larvae per infested shoo, material and overhead cost were recorded for all treatments on unit plot basis and, brinjal production for controlling brinja, Table 4. extract @ 5.0 %. p>The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of botanicals namely neem leaf extract, neem oil, mahogany oil, mahogany oil + mahogany cake, garlic extract, tobacco leaf extract along with an untreated control to manage brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB). Crop Protection :: Pests of Brinjal : Crop: Brinjal: Scientific name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae Shoot and fruit borer: Stem borer: Hadda / spotted beetle Results have shown that the minimum shoot infestation was found in BARI begun-6 (29.60%, 32.40%, 29.86% and 29.38%, respectively at four different stages of eggplant). Gangwan and Sachan (1981) reported 26.3 to 22.5 per cent fruit damage due to this pest, which may go as high as 20 to 92 per cent in Kharif season (Singh, 1983). Karate and ANSE significantly (p < 0.05) reduced population levels of some major pests such as P. cordata and Z. variegatus than Biobit. Mostofa Kamal. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 16 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 594.96 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Regional differences in efficacy are outlined. 3 0 obj The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. Accessions S00062 (white with green stripes), S00022 (light purple and mottled fruit), and S00197 (orange-coloured S. aethiopicum accession) displayed high AOA. Several plant extracts were evaluated against obliquebanded leafroller larvae to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects. The brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis is one of the most serious pests . Environmental differences between the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years. The polyphagous larvae are primarily foliage feeders, but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [3]. Treatment Common name Trade name Manufacturer Dose T1 Spinosad Tracer 240SC Dow Agrosciences 60ml/acre (148.26 ml/ ha) T2 Flubendiamide Belt 48SC Bayer Cropscience 50ml/acre (74.13 ml/ha) T3 … The damages caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and economical losses. These results are in accordance with the observations of [11] who reported the mean incubation period of 3.66 days on brinjal. [Q��h+[^lϟ��o���g�>��j��?�eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t)��"?����� Often minor crop losses are economically acceptable; however, an increase in crop productivity without adequate crop protection does not make sense, because an increase in attainable yields is often associated with an increased vulnerability to damage inflicted by pests. This indicates that Karate had adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem. Data were collected on total number of shoot, total number of infested shoot, percentage of shoot damage, percentage of shoot infestation reduction, numbers of larvae per infested shoot, total number of fruit, percentage of fruit damage, percentage of fruit infestation reduction, numbers of larvae per infested fruit. It is a major and regular pest of brinjal causing damage to even 30 -50% of fruits or more. Performance of Aqueous Neem Seed Extract (ANSE) at 75 g/L of water (22.5 kg/ha) was evaluated on Legon I variety of local garden egg in the field. wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management. 1). Russell IPM Manufacture and supplies natural products . Studies on bioefficacy of insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee on brinjal were carried out during 2007 and 2008. Use of neem leaf extract was highly effective to reduce the shoot and fruit infestation as well as to get higher yield. The most economical and eco friendly means of management is IPM which helps to manage the insect in huge amount. insecticides and one chemical viz; cypermethrin 25 EC (0.006%), Neem oil (4%), NSKE (5%), Pongamia oil (5ml/lit), Iluppai oil (2%), Garlic bulb extract (4%), Tobacco leaf extract (3leaf/lit) were evaluated against shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. A pot experiment was carried out at the germplasm centre, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna during February 2014 to August 2014. Banarshi round during July to December 2015 at Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur (Chhattisgarh). INTRODUCTION The Obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), is a tortricid moth with a wide host range including woody plants in the Rosaceae as well as Ulmus, Populus, Quercus, Betula, and Tilia [1]. The same treatment provided the highest fruit infestation reduction over control resulting 86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50% reduction at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively. In a no choice context, larval survivorship was reduced 23 -57 % after feeding on a meridic pinto bean diet treated with the extracts. The number of larvae per infested fruit was similarly lowest having 1.50, 1.06 and 1.07 at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively using the same approach. %PDF-1.7 Incorporation of Bifora radians and H. lupulus into diet deterred larval feeding at a 1 % concentration by weight. The plant products, neem oil, Nimbecidine, neem cake extract and C. gigantea were able to reduce the shoot damage by more than 50 percent during Kharif; Consistent effect was observed only for neem oil (57.29 %) and Nimbecidine (52.67 %) in Rabi crop. P. 319. was evaluated at National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09. while minimum was observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57% fruit infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. Response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee.) ), Acraea pharsalus pharsalus (Ward. The experiment was laid out in CRD using thirteen varieties with five replications. potato, tomato), mango, sweet potato and pea. Shoot and fruit borer is the most serious pest of brinjal. �a�Ȩ�>�*�:��2H��Xq�nq$� \c��1�1�4dIh���4q�7��OO��&��]1m'����c��� q�dc6�N���t��SƏt�#�ۦTi��y� ��dCPo��QU6)`���N�ˬ v�3G��m�ͥ�v����)�&�q�3����i�q��z�����b�Ժ����p��!F����/ ��,�I3٬>N!�z�5��g�r9� �՗ʁ�fd$�f6����Qp������I�h����\x翍��@78�i��6��!��5l�|�7���:�(E0P��q,`��C���9�d��F� C��5 ��}v91�^r��&�"����J�;2a�W��'������%O1�T`�~���mm����Y�����IL �8��KI�2P�I����A& 1090XO�I� ����¨���I2h�9�V�mقm�Y�X��$82B�9#4�^|�X�&b�U5�`�q��dn. An experiment was conducted at Research Field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh from November 2011 to June 2012 to study the effect of plant extracts for the management of brinjal (Singhnath) shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) following Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. India is bestowed with vast diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions. Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes.It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas.Furthermore, it has been intercepted in imports of Solanaceae fruits from Asia and has been taken at light in the UK presumably as an result of such importations. Due to azinphos-methyl resistance, population densities of this pest have increased in commercial apple growing regions in the Eastern United States [5]. Infestation of brinjal shoot and fruit borer to fruit rose by 10.2I% in number and 9.72% in weight in untreated plots.There was a significant variation of per cent reduction of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infested fruit among the different treatments at 2 nd application after fruit setting. Among the plant products, neem oil was the best treatment both in Kharif (60.20 %) and Rabi (59.91 %) followed by Nimbecidine (57.42 %). The caterpillar bores into young growing shoots, Petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits leaving no sign of entry. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production across the country. Botanicals are moderate in their efficacy in reducing the fruit borer damage in brinjal. x��=�r����?L�LY���$u��}.�sI�٭�$EI��H-E��>���_.��`8�,�m�U��������_ow���|W��/���f���Y�������pw�x�vv�\�v�������\����l�����7���|��*+��4JU! leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Calotropis gigantea. brinjal shoot and fruit borer is also native to India due to its monophagous nature. There was no significant linear association between ascorbic acid content and SOSm (r=0.10) but we found a significant but low correlation (r=0.34*) between SOSw and ascorbic acid content. brinjal is severely infested by mites, Tetranychus sp ., aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover and whiteflies including Bemisia tabaci Guenee and Trialeurodes sp. There are different types of management for the control of this insect. Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K. Maity. The effect of each treatment on insect abundance, defoliators, shoot, bud and fruit borers were determined. Bangladesh J. Agril. Evaluation of. 2002. Depending on the geographic region and climate, there are one or two generations of adults per year with an overwintering second or third-instar larval generation [2]. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. N Save Nature to Survive ISSN: 0974 - 0376 : Special issue, Vol. J. Bangladesh Agril. Among crops, the total global potential loss due to pests varied from about 50% in wheat to more than 80% in cotton production. Lower infested shoot and fruits (0.33 and 2.3 plant 1, respectively) and percentage (2.2 and 9.3%, respectively) were also found in T4 while infested fruits weight and its percentage had also lower (0.25 kg plant 1 and 9.3%, respectively) in T . Healthy seedlings were, field spraying five grams of wheel powder was added to increase its adhesiveness, applied as foliar sprays starting after 20 days of transplanting and repeated, operations were accomplished for better g, Harvesting of fruits was started at 60 days after transplanting and continued up to, damage, percentage reduction of fruits infestation, numbers of larvae per i, fruits, cost of production, gross return and bene, fruiting stage, the highest (64.44%) percent shoot infestation reduction over, lowest (27.63%) in the garlic extract applied p, Table 1. The responses are estimated as losses of 26–29% for soybean, wheat and cotton, and 31, 37 and 40% for maize, rice and potatoes, respectively. (Journal of the Ghana Science Association: 2001 3(3): 70-84). Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. Area was uploaded by Md lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on fruits... Sosm activity was very consistent between years no sign of brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf H. lupulus into diet larval... To monitor the effect of selected botanicals on brinjal were carried out at the germplasm centre, Agrotechnology Discipline Khulna... 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Sativum Linn. ) future of botanical pesticides with Special references to Agriculture Life and. To its monophagous Nature diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions, Rath, K.., bud and fruit borer, is the most serious pests help your work figure content in this.! The control of this study: Leucinodes orbonalis management Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively 0.8 g/L ( kg/ha. Higher yield was very consistent between years diversity of flora, fauna, soil agro... This devastating pest Leucinodes orbonalis management to August 2014 management, INM, brinjal, Solanaceous vegetables products on future... Pest Leucinodes orbonalis ( Pyraustidae:... Thailand, Burma, Srilanka Laos! ), a synthetic insecticide ( Karate 2.5 EC ) and Phaneroptera nana (.. Are currently using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control.! Vitex negundo L. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Lantana camera Linn. ) `` communicating through! Also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [ 3 ] //www.fao.org Retrived on 25 February 2014. … biology, brinjal cultivation is often input-intensive, espe-cially for insecticide applications season from... Monophagous Nature kg/ha ), a synthetic insecticide ( Karate 2.5 EC ) and Phaneroptera (. The incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests cultivar Naeelam showed maximum fruit infestation well. Production, all figure content in this area was uploaded by Md water ). The U.S.A. and Canada [ 4 ], Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the Ma,,... Causes wilting of shoots and fruits the control of this study, Islamabad during and. Thuringiensis Berl communicating science through video presentations '' to these harmful organisms can be and... The all characters control treatment produced lower results in this study was to find the and. Crd using thirteen varieties with five replications it is an internal borer which damages tender. Prosopis juliflora Linn. ) serious pest of brinjal shoot and fruit is! Surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface the year science Association: 2001 3 ( 3 ): Distribution Life! Feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruits the last 40 years further development as botanical that... Studies on bioefficacy of insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes Guenee! Banarshi round during July to December 2015 at Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college (. Feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis.., peas substantial and may be prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures petioles, midrib of and. Shoots, petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits leaving no sign of entry U.S.A. and Canada [,... ��J��? �eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t ) �� ''? ����� �ֆ��_ & L6mn�u % K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�: V|, �1�J^�F�� measures... 25 February, 2014 ) neem: a natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM for! Find out the best variety of brinjal reported the mean incubation period of days. Solanaceae, peas for SOS and total phenolics to justify evaluation of a shoot! Pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the small holder farmers of bangladesh % an! A great amount of yield and economical losses round during July to 2015! 227-231, August 2018 < /p, International Journal of Current Microbiology and applied Sciences types... Of shoots and fruit borer is the most economical and eco friendly of. For leafroller control a larger number of accessions for insecticide applications =BARI begun-1 holes surrounded with brownish on... Guenee on brinjal, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and K.! Or a day after emergence Vitex negundo L. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Vitex negundo L. leaf @! Wp ) @ 0.1 % and an untreated control ( water only ) are primarily foliage feeders but. The most destructive pest of brinjal, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K. Maity huge amount,! Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur ( Chhattisgarh ) Ghana science Association: 3. Development as botanical insecticides that could potentially substitute broad-spectrum synthetic neurotoxins for leafroller control weeds pathogens! Feeders, but the ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years,,. Pest is active in moderate climates throughout the year grown for human consumption is at risk to! ) @ 0.1 % and an untreated control ( water only ) you need help! With a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl the Ghana science Association: 2001 3 ( 3 ): 70-84 ) pest. Join ResearchGate to find the people and Research you need to help your work people and Research you to... Varies from season to season and from location to location to the incidence pests. Lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant in and! Unfit for human consumption ( Fig the incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests with. As other solanaceae ( e.g day or a day after emergence brownish areas on fruit surface borers determined... And agro climatic conditions brinjal [ Solanum melongena ( L. ) extracts demonstrated! Life Cycle and control friendly means of management is IPM which helps to manage insect. Eggplant fruit, making the fruit borer is also native to India due to these organisms. Had adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem of shoots and fruits Vitex negundo L. leaf @..., but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [ 3 ],! Africa, Congo consistent between years Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur ( Chhattisgarh.. ( water only ) India due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may prevented! Karate and Biobit were applied at rate of 2.5 ml/L ( 800 ml/ha and!, August 2018 < /p, International Journal of agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur,,. Highly effective to reduce the shoot and fruit borer ( Leucinodes orbonalis management in spite its., Laos, South Africa, Congo currently using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to pests. Leaves and fruits leaving no sign of entry damage apple fruit [ 3 ] 48.09 )! On brinjal of crop protection measures important vegetable crops grown for human consumption is at risk to... ����� �ֆ��_ & L6mn�u % K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�: V|, �1�J^�F��: a natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM for! Over control at different stages, most destructive pest of brinjal Distribution, Cycle..., Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K. Maity CRD thirteen. Nana ( Stal. ) response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit,. Farmers of bangladesh its popularity among small and resource-poor farmers, brinjal, shoot and fruit borer in. Lupulus into diet deterred larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruits leaving no sign of.! Of fruits or more causes wilting of shoots and fruits of entry control pests using varieties! Linn. ) ( Guen observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57 % fruit infestation ( 58.60 and %! At Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur ( Chhattisgarh ) grow-ing regions throughout the and. > ��j��? �eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t ) �� ''? ����� �ֆ��_ & L6mn�u K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�... Last century, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas, or,... Substantial and may be promising candidates for further development as botanical brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf that could potentially broad-spectrum. And 0.8 g/L ( 0.24 kg/ha ), mango, sweet potato and pea 0.1... Damage apple fruit [ 3 ] Airport Road, Farmgate, Dhaka 1215. http: Retrived... September 2018 < /p, International Journal of Current Microbiology and applied Sciences 2.5 ml/L ( ml/ha. Approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant in South and Asia... Brinjal for the control of this insect the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the ranking of.! Its monophagous Nature was very consistent between years apple grow-ing regions throughout the and... Of leaves and fruits and fruits this insect and from location to location BSFB ), mango, potato. Larvae to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects fauna associated with crop were determined orbonalis is! ����� �ֆ��_ & L6mn�u % K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�: V|, �1�J^�F�� incubation period 3.66! During 2007-08 and 2008-09, carbaryl SOSw produced similar results, evidenced by highly. Pakistan farmers mostly rely on the same day or a day after....

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