However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period. But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey. or. The title is taken directly from the Qur’an, 27:16, where Sulayman and Dāwūd are said to have been taught the language, or speech, of the birds. Download Full PDF Package. PDF. He composed over forty books mainly in the epic masnavi form of rhyming couplets, his most famous being The Book of God and The Conference of the Birds. [13] In explaining his thoughts, 'Attar uses material not only from specifically Sufi sources but also from older ascetic legacies. This adroit handling of symbolisms and allusions can be seen reflected in these lines: It was in China, late one moonless night, The Simorgh first appeared to mortal sight – Beside the symbolic use of the Simorgh, the allusion to China is also very significant. His Qasidas expound upon mystical and ethical themes and moral precepts. Poem Hunter all poems of by Attar of Nishapur poems. In the end, the birds learn that they themselves are the Simorgh; the name “Simorgh” in Persian means thirty (si) birds (morgh). Biography. Information about Attar’s life is scarce and has been mythologized over the centuries. His ideas range over the whole spectrum of Persian mysticism and religious philosophy, and his writing paved the way for the triumphs of Rumi and Hafiz. Mystic Poet; Born: c. 1110 Nishapur, Persia: Died: c. 1220 (aged 109–110) Nishapur, Persia: Venerated in: Islam: Influences: Ferdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami: Influenced: Rumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets: Tradition or genre. Shaykh Fariduddin Attar in words of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Attar of … 11th January 2019 . The oft-repeated story of ‘Attar meeting young Rumi in Nishapur belongs to the realm of succession myths (F.D. 1 Pages. She recommends Simurgh as their true king, saying that one of his feathers fell on China. The Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, a hagiographic collection of Muslim saints and mystics, is Attar's only known prose work. `Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran. [4] The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. Poem Hunter all poems of by Farid ud-Din Attar poems. `Attar means herbalist, druggist, perfumist or alchemist, and during his lifetime in Persia, much of medicine and drugs were based on herbs. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. Lewis, 2000). Every year, a number of literati and scholars gathered at the mausoleum of the Persian poet Attar of Nishapur to mark Attar National Day, which was on April 13. Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since 1900 are classified as contemporary. A short summary of this paper. Written and compiled throughout much of his life and published before his death, the compelling account of the execution of the mystic Mansur al-Hallaj, who had uttered the words "I am the Truth" in a state of ecstatic contemplation, is perhaps the most well known extract from the book. The soul will manifest itself when the body is laid aside. He obviously had no motive for sharing his expert knowledge in the manner customary among court panegyrists, whose type of poetry he despised and never practiced. Attar’s beguiling anecdotes and humor intermingle the sublime with the mundane, the spiritual with the worldly, while his poem models the soul’s escape from the mind’s rational embrace. provided at no charge for educational purposes, http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/show/132284-Edward-FitzGerald-Bird-Parliament--translation-of-. Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c.1600. The story is about a king who is confronted with the materialistic and worldly demands of his six sons. 8 poems of Farid ud-Din Attar. [23], Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه‎), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). Come you lost Atoms to your Centre draw, … When the birds assemble, they wonder why they have no king. étiquettes récits fables poésie poèmes contes soufisme sagesse quête mystique oiseaux spirituel traditions religion spiritualité islam islam iranien mystique musulmane Daadbeh, Asghar and Melvin-Koushki, Matthew, “ʿAṭṭār Nīsābūrī”, in: Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār, in Encyclopædia Britannica, online edition - accessed December 2012. Rumi has mentioned both of them with the highest esteem several times in his poetry. However, what we do know for certain is that Attar practiced the profession of pharmacist and personally attended to a very large number of customers. 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