Many of the British North American colonies that eventually formed the United States of America were settled in the seventeenth century by men and women, who, in the face of European persecution, refused to compromise passionately held religious convictions and fled Europe. “Republicanism” in the eighteenth-century Anglo-American political world emphasized the importance of _____ as the essence of liberty.? Republicanism is a term for beliefs that have defined the American political experiment. This idea of an educated woman became known as "republican motherhood." It might better be called "the age of the republican revolution." The American version of republicanism was formed by the Founding Fathers in the 18th century and was based on Roman, English, and Renaissance political theory. As in the case of the abolition of slavery, changes for women would not come overnight. Founded in 1854 as a The first American female academies were founded in the 1790s. Aristotle's political influence was gradually eroded by the emergence of modern republicanism, beginning with Machiavelli, which self–consciously broke from the Aristotelian tradition. Although there is no consensus about the exact span of time that corresponds to the American Enlightenment, it is safe to say that it occurred during the eighteenth century among thinkers in British North America and the early United States and was inspired by the ideas of the British and French Enlightenments. It did, however, directly influence the revival of republican thought in Renaissance Italy, and still enjoyed a wide readership in the mid–18th century. Is democracy the most appropriate name for a large-scale representative system such as that of the early United States? c. a strong central state. In this sense, the term republican is not indicative of conservative social values and free market principles that define the contemporary political definition of a republican. Republican citizens should not seek office or use public office for economic gain. In such a government, virtuous and autonomous citizens must exercise self-control for the common good. The American version of republicanism was formed by the Founding Fathers in the 18th century and was based on English models as well as Roman and European ideas. In particular, republicanism stems from a form a government where the people are sovereign. For it was eighteenth-century republicanism that ultimately destroyed the monar-chy that had dominated Europe for centuries. Democracy or republic?. 18th century America, 1700 to 1799, was a time of great change. The Republican Party was founded in the mid-1850s following the fracturing of other political parties over the debate of whether to continue practicing enslavement.The party, which was based on stopping the spread of enslavement to new territories and states, arose out of protest meetings that took place in a number of northern states. 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